The Invention Of Blue
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Written, Produced, Edited and Hosted by Kevin Lieber
Contributing Researcher & Editor Matthew Tabor, Koala Fight Media
VFX by Eric Langlay
Select Music by Jake Chudnow
Special Thanks Paula Lieber
Vsauce2 Links
The Brilliant History of Color in Art by Victoria Finlay
Blue: The History Of A Color by Michel Pastoureau
Secret Language Of Color by Joann Eckstut and Arielle Eckstut
Virginia Postrel
Victoria Finlay
Joshua J. Mark
Outro Song “I Came Back For You” by Trevor Something
Pigments Through The Ages
Color In Art
Harvard Color Vault
Little Snow White
A Story Of Blue
The Material History of the Color Blue
True Blue Stands Out in an Earthy Crowd by Natalie Angier
Why Is The Sky Blue?
Blue Through The Centuries
History Of Blue
William Gladstone And The Odyssey
No One Could See The Color Blue Until Modern Times by Kevin Loria
Why Is Blue The World’s Favorite Color?
It’s Not Easy Being Blue (For Plants) by Eric Dillalogue
Color Wavelengths
The Science Of Blue Flowers
First Blue-Eyed Human
Humanity’s Favorite Color
Color In Market Research
What’s Your Favorite Color?
Islamic Poetry
Starry Night, Edvard Munch
Newton And The Color Spectrum
Blue And Green Language Distinctions
Rainbows In Art
True Origin Of Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs
Russian Blues Reveal Effects Of Language On Color Discrimination
Ancient Color Categories
Philip Cohen
Scott Design Inc. Color Poll
Namakura Gatana 1917 restoration by sumerias1
Egyptian Blue Eye at The J. Paul Getty Museum
Indigo by Shisha-Tom
Archaemenid Bowl from David Aaron
Lapis Lazuli Eyes photo by Marie-Lan Nguyen
Lapis Lazuli Buddha
Indus Valley Diorama by Biswarup Ganguly
Denim by Nikodem Nijaki
Blue Cat The British Museum
Woad by H. Zell
Lazurite by Didier Descouens
Cochineal by Dick Culbert
Cochineal by H. Zell
Portrait of Edvard Munch from National Library of Norway
Tekhelet by Mnavon
The deeper the blue becomes, the more strongly it calls man towards the infinite, awakening in him a desire for the pure and, finally, for the supernatural... The brighter it becomes, the more it loses its sound, until it turns into silent stillness and becomes white.
-Wassily Kandinsky
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  • Vsauce2

    Welcome. You found Blue.

    • Максим Корзников
      Максим Корзников

      Привет из России! Голубой и синий!

    • liz musa
      liz musa

      Why is there no blue in most Pinos that’s just weird

    • Terry Michaels
      Terry Michaels

      You should amend the video: Age studies show that our ability to see the spectrum shifts with age, causing you lose and gain perception of colors at the end. Quite literally due to the lack of people living to the older range of age, they might not have had many learned adults capable of perceiving purple. Even the royal "purple" of European fame wasn't purple.

    • Subham Kumar
      Subham Kumar

      Blue is my favourite colour

    • Bard Madsen
      Bard Madsen

      Great, this will haunt me forever. From my research blue and gold, representing the sky and the sun, are the most esteemed colors after red ocher. There is blue in Mesoamerican codices and at times painted their bodies blue. It is said that the ancient people of the UK painted their nude bodies blue for war. There had to be a term for it.

  • Hanna Mäkelä
    Hanna Mäkelä

    That bad "blue / blew" joke was actually a good one! :)

  • Sean Rallis
    Sean Rallis

    There are tons of blue fish, and also blue tarantulas.

  • povmaciulis GAMING
    povmaciulis GAMING

    0:38 kings robe - am I a joke to you?

  • Global Warrior
    Global Warrior

    8:29 What is this painting called Edit: never mind its the girl with the pearl earrings

  • James N
    James N

    As i age through my 50's i'm losing my ability to differentiate between shades of light blues and greys. I also have noticed i'm liking darker shades of green for the first time in my life. Weird.

  • Rohit Rai
    Rohit Rai

    what's up with the active discrimination against Sanskrit...Vishnu is Blue, Shiva's neck is blue. Both are the gods of ancient and still alive Hindus


    Every old society regonise green but no blue While japan regonise blue not green

  • Blitzkrieg

    Does anyone know when blue clothes started to be used in Europe?

  • Shadow X
    Shadow X

    Wheres orange

  • Martin Eldritch
    Martin Eldritch

    Wha? But waddabout woad?

  • Scott Bergeson
    Scott Bergeson

    Total rubbish; Bible has the Hebrew word techelet (light blue, bleached purple, indigo) H8504, as well as sapphire (or lapis lazuli/lazurite), waters (mayim) and sky (shmayim - fiery waters). Ancients other than Egyptians may have had difficulty describing blue, and distinguishing it from green, black, and dark wine color.

  • Danilson Carvalho
    Danilson Carvalho

    Lapiz Lazuli... I feel like I know that from somewhere

  • Crøütøn Crumbs
    Crøütøn Crumbs

    Ancient greek literally has the word "κυανός" (kianos) which means light-blue/cyan

  • Deepak Singh
    Deepak Singh

    Truly Western concept aprajita flowers (meaning the one that cannot be defeated--ancient feminism eh? scientific name -clitoria terntea) worshipped in India since ages, blue indigio, blue saphhire and egyptian love for lapiz lazuli..Muslim countries love mosque (lovely !!) .....AND NO....RED WAS IMPORTANT FOR INDUS CIVILIZATION...GREEN FOR MIDDLE EASTERN ..SO ON AND SO FORTH.

  • Cool Bro
    Cool Bro

    Blue screens, blue light, blue paint, other stuff you suggested, blue pixels followed by red and green, blue tint, blue plastic, and blue food coloring

  • Cool Bro
    Cool Bro

    How about “Blue Screens!!!!!!” Blue screens for 70’s, 80’s, and 90’s tv shows, movies, and the news.

  • Whitney

    da ba dee da ba daa. Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa. Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa. Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa

  • Graham O'Brien
    Graham O'Brien

    Isn’t the word for blue in Japan the same as their word for green?

  • Mark Omega
    Mark Omega

    People: *Sails through oceans, fishes in and crosses rivers, looks up at the sky* Also people: I see no colour.

    • Sebastian Gudiño
      Sebastian Gudiño

      The did see the color tho. They just labeled it as "green" or "white" or whatever It's not that people learned to persive blue like it's a new thing, but simply labeled it as "different"

  • Cobalt Victor
    Cobalt Victor

    Y’all found me 🥸 Damnb

  • Stephanie Schumacher
    Stephanie Schumacher

    1:57 Minecraft players be like

  • Boris Zakharin
    Boris Zakharin

    Fun fact: purple doesn't exist. It's an illusion which appears to be a transition color between violet and red... except violet and red are on the opposite sides of the visual spectrum. There can be no transition between them. The color wheel is a human invention.

  • Vicente Guzmán
    Vicente Guzmán

    Is it just me, or the song at the end of the video went silent, almost as if my phone was blocking a copyright protected song

  • Moop

    The English language has a very modern version of this; brown 🧡 is not a color-it is dark orange 🤎 with context. Go look on a rainbow and find brown; you can't. Go find brown on a color wheel; you can't. However, if you have a color wheel which let's you adjust brightness, you can get brown by making orange darker. That's why you can't get a "brown" light. It's literally a construct of language.

  • scazab

    0:25 Guess what flag is this when you put a black star in middle

  • Nachiket Venkat
    Nachiket Venkat

    I bet he researched this video just so he could use "He blue it" that he came up with one night.

  • lol pol
    lol pol

    I am german and i have to say: your blau sounds not very good

  • Vedraj r.m
    Vedraj r.m


  • Rachael Bean
    Rachael Bean

    Maori Art in New Zealand preEuropean times was red black and white.

  • Ann Sidbrant
    Ann Sidbrant

    As a devout lover of the color blue, I sincerely thank you for this video.

  • Samuel Banks
    Samuel Banks

    I have a blue house with a blue window

  • Edivel Sandoval
    Edivel Sandoval

    Place: The valley of the stone Game: the order of the stone Lapis lazuli: Exists Minecraft lapis lazuli: Also exists *I don't see any references here*


    Vsauce:where is blue Comment:how is blue Me:why is blue

  • sha_0_rki

    Blau is german for Blue

  • xCreeperBombx

    I'm irtiu I'm irtiu I'm irtiu, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Yo listen up, here's the story About a little guy that lives in a irtiu world And all day and all night And everything he sees is just irtiu Like him, inside and outside Irtiu his house with a irtiu little window And a irtiu Corvette And everything is irtiu for him And himself and everybody around 'Cause he ain't got nobody to listen (to listen, to listen, to listen) I'm irtiu, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa I'm irtiu, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa I have a irtiu house with a irtiu window irtiu is the color of all that I wear irtiu are the streets and all the trees are, too I have a girlfriend and she is so irtiu Irtiu are the people here that walk around Irtiu like my Corvette, it's in and outside Irtiu are the words I say and what I think Irtiu are the feelings that live inside me I'm irtiu, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Inside and outside Irtiu his house with a irtiu little window And a irtiu Corvette And everything is irtiu for him And himself and everybody around 'Cause he ain't got nobody to listen (to listen, to listen) I'm irtiu Da ba dee da ba, daa Da ba dee da ba, daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa I'm irtiu, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa Da ba dee da ba daa, da ba dee da ba daa You're welcome.

  • Kian Curatolo
    Kian Curatolo

    The invention of Series is one of my favorite pieces of human culture full stop.

  • Dave Frey
    Dave Frey

    What other color has a kind of music named after it "" THE BLUE'S" !!!

  • Kevin Luo
    Kevin Luo

    Blue sus

  • Jay Paans
    Jay Paans

    Point for those who know where this is from: "Black then white are all I see in my infancy red and yellow then came to be reaching out to me lets me see" _P.S. if your name starts with Google, you're out of the quiz_

  • Jay Paans
    Jay Paans

    What if... the "blue" receptors on our retina came to be only very recent in evolution? The sensitivity curve lies a significant distance away from the "red" and "green' curves, which are closer together. It would also explain how people could call the sky black. That's something I just cannot imagine. What do you think?

  • Spiro Mentos
    Spiro Mentos

    Phoenicians got a purple dye from shellfish. They also had a blue dye. Maxfield Parrish has the best blue in his paintings.

  • Алексей Смирнов
    Алексей Смирнов

    "In russian light blue and dark blue are called goluboi and sinii" Me, a russian: They both are goluboi. (sinii is much deeper)

  • נשמה טהורה
    נשמה טהורה

    What about brown? The most common color! Why was it ignored?

  • neonsays

    no one gonna talk about how this dude just went ‘let’s paint a classic rainbow!’ and then started with green

  • Varvara Mironov
    Varvara Mironov

    4:03 me a russian, hearing that horrible mispronuciation. No really. I had to rewatch that moment 4 times to understand what does blue have to do with russians and to understand what he was saying lol.

  • Luis Garcia
    Luis Garcia

    7 chakras

  • Brat Naylor
    Brat Naylor

    blue has always been there but only manifested in human psyche with the advent and advancement of communication in our times ,yeah blue is also the throat chakra yah! nice colour!

  • Cyan Thorburn
    Cyan Thorburn

    cyan let's talk about cyan more

  • Some person on the internet
    Some person on the internet

    3:55 Me, an intellectual: *G R U*

  • E B
    E B


  • Zachary Haberman
    Zachary Haberman

    Definitely my favorite VSauce2 video so far.

  • DarkestElemental616

    I remember in Lois Lowry's Gathering Blue how they mentioned how hard it was to create blue dye. The whole plot revolved around it.

    • DarkestElemental616

      Also, my favorite use of a not-blue word for blue is still the Greek "wine-dark" for the sea.

  • Mary Mir
    Mary Mir

    *Laughs in colour-blind*

  • Сергей Сухинов
    Сергей Сухинов

    Meanwhile in Russia: biruzoviy!

  • The Flaming Wolfgang
    The Flaming Wolfgang

    Hi! It’s me, Steve! Have you seen Blue, my puppy?

  • fernando jose gonzalez olguin
    fernando jose gonzalez olguin

    so this means that the German Empire's flag and Yemen's are the most important flags technically?

  • Nathan Zotov
    Nathan Zotov

    as i person who speaks russian i laughed a lot when you called them golluboy and ciniy.

  • antonio acosta
    antonio acosta

    She blue me...and then I saw the beauty of the world.

  • Yuan Wullink
    Yuan Wullink

    when blue is your favourite colour, this video is even more amazing

  • Harvey Dykes
    Harvey Dykes

    For those that are wondering, HEX codes (RGB) display colours red, green and blue at a scale of 255, equal to FF in hexadecimal.of the greatest value is 255 for each colour then there are 256 possible combinations per colour. 256^(3)=16777216 different possible colours.

  • Dragon Blast
    Dragon Blast

    So hi, i'm related to some of the people here, hi wassup?

  • Elite Gamer
    Elite Gamer

    3:48 my language is second

  • Navin Singh
    Navin Singh

    Was blue present in Sanskrit?

  • Art C
    Art C

    Lol he really blue it!

  • (STUDENT)William Giles
    (STUDENT)William Giles


  • adam adam
    adam adam

    In terms of blue, we have no blue.

  • Kermit TheFrog
    Kermit TheFrog

    Wait lapis is real? I thought it was a minecraft thing

  • Debangana

    💙 🔵 🟦 Btw Blue is my favourite colour 💙

  • Rodel Camba
    Rodel Camba

    Blue footed what?

  • TheRainbowWillow

    The Oh Hellos have a song called Lapis Lazuli that covers the non-existence of blue in the ancient world, mentioning “wine colored skies” so I thought I better learn about it. And I ended up here somehow.

  • kane preton
    kane preton

    My 40k ears pricked when ultramarine blue was mentioned

  • BewTheNICE12 _
    BewTheNICE12 _

    I bet about 70% of people who watched this video only knew lapis lazuli because of Minecraft (including me)

  • AutoGeneratedName

    Blue in school be like: Yellow you were cool to me tomorrow dont come to the palette.

  • Moorboor

    so beautiful


    Классное видио 👍👍👍

  • warridass

    2:14 Kinda somehow reminds me of Thanos's infinity gauntlet...

  • Medora Purrier
    Medora Purrier

    Lol you a mess . I liked it and was very informative. Bring more please

  • Kodd - The Cod Master
    Kodd - The Cod Master

    ye, Japanese describes colors in how they feel.

  • mickavellian

    So you traced your DNA to Spain ?? what part? Let me guess... hmmm hmmm gimme a second here ....... ok... Pyrenees ! Ta da.

  • Mehul Kumar Nirala
    Mehul Kumar Nirala

    .....He really blew it. Me: 😑😑


    Enchanting time... Wait... 1:56 Enchanting time

  • L

    whoa great video

  • Faiz Khalifa
    Faiz Khalifa

    I'm literally about to cry

  • Faiz Khalifa
    Faiz Khalifa

    Thank you blue for Blue Dragon

  • Faiz Khalifa
    Faiz Khalifa

    Those bowls of colors with the corresponding brushes are so satisfying to look at

  • Amelie Rodgers
    Amelie Rodgers

    what about cyan

  • AnJo

    I'm blue da be di da de dae

  • Toast

    blue is the reason we have weebs

  • Hi There! OFFICIAL
    Hi There! OFFICIAL

    2020: light blue 202020: Falasomite

  • Fr1ed

    Him: facing the rainbow the wrong way Me: Ha Ha! I know something you dont

  • Anselmo Battisti
    Anselmo Battisti

    Here in Brazil, the Flag state of Pernambuco has a rainbow, and it does not have blue! I never noticed it before!!!!

  • Wiell Nyan
    Wiell Nyan

    Red is best the end.

  • Kaspar Annus
    Kaspar Annus

    I love how he wrote Goluboy and Siniy not голубой and синий.

  • Dropati Manraj
    Dropati Manraj

    Check the sky dummies

  • Arpita Karmakar
    Arpita Karmakar

    Thank god !!! My favourite colour is blue. My 95% clothes are blue.

  • Jorian Meeuse
    Jorian Meeuse

    9.24 That came out of the blue

  • Voltage Azure
    Voltage Azure

    Hey Vsauce 23908401, Dilatgherp here its ph instead of f

  • Scratch The Cat Qwerty
    Scratch The Cat Qwerty

    When you from Russia 4:02

  • BlackMartini

    I often don't recognize violet as separate from blue or purple